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Community Policing.

“AMA POLICE”: COMMUNITY POLICE PROJECT OF ODISHA POLICE.






Community Policing

“Sensitized Police for Empowered Society”

Community Policing revolves round the principle of pro-active policing through people friendly policing practices. Community participation and problem solving leading to crime prevention and maintenance or order. It is a philosophy based on the concept that Police Officers and private citizen work together in a creative way to help solve contemporary community problems. It fosters to develop a new relationship with law abiding people in the community, allowing them a greater say in setting local policing priorities and involving them in efforts to improve overall quality of life in their neighborhood.

Launching:-

The “AMA POLICE” scheme was Launched by Hon’ble CM, Odisha on 1st April, 2013 at Markat Nagar Police Station of  Police Commissionerate of Cuttack Urban Police District.

Guidelines issued vide Home Department Letter No 12664 dt 26 March, 2013 on successful implementation of the “AMA POLICE” scheme.

Implementation & Reach of the Programme

  • Number of Households: 33,4155

  • Number of Household Visited : 3,00,000-approx

  • Percentage Coverage : 85%

  • Number of Ama Police Suraksha Samiti Members Selected : 780

  • All the Districts have conducted meeting with the Samiti Members

 

Photographs.

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News Paper Clippings

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(The Dharitri Dt.23.09.2015.)

(The Sambad Kalika Dt23.09.2015.)

(The Samaya Dt.23.09.2015.)


(The Pioneer Dt.23.09.2015.)

(The Samaja Dt.23.09.2015.)

OBJECTIVES:

    1. Prevention of Crimes.
    2. Furthering co-operation and mutual understanding between Police and the community.
    3. Furthering Security-related mutual co-operation among citizenry.
    4. House Visit’ by the CPO – acts as a ‘linking pin’ between the community and Police Station
    5. Community empowerment & empowerment of the constabulary
    6.  Reduced trust-deficit between community and police, free-flow of information
    7. Synergy of Community resources in crime prevention
    8. Better sense of security
    9. Helps strengthening internal security


Structure of the CP unit in District/Police Station, ‘Ama Police’

Ama Police Beat

Each Police Station is divided into several contiguous Beats basing on the population. Each ‘Ama Police Beat’ will be under the charge of an Assistant Sub-Inspector or a Head constable / Constable. The Beat officers will be selected strictly on criteria of personality, integrity, voluntary attitude, clean service record, good conduct, non-addictive habits etc. the selection may not necessarily be from among the personnel of the concerned police station. The DCP / SP may select Beat officers from among the manpower under his/her command. He should be well acquainted with area such as road, lane and by-lane of the beat area. He should also know all other establishments in the beat area. The Beat officer should gain the confidence of the public in his area in such a manner that every common citizen should feel free to approach him and talk to him without any fear and with confidence in a comfortable manner. The Beat Officer should be a role model as far as his manners, etiquette and conduct are concerned.


Ama Police Samiti

‘Ama Police Samiti’ is formed under each Police Station. The chairperson can be decided by Samiti members in each meeting and a Sub Inspector or an ASI from the Police station may be designated as the Community Relations Officer (CRO) by the IIC/OIC. The Samiti may be reconstituted every two years.

Projects of "Ama Police Samiti":

  • Night patrolling with public co-operation.
  • Co-ordinating with private security guards.
  • Knowing new residents and strangers.
  • Fitting Burglar Alarm and security systems.
  • Helping senior citizens and physically challenged citizens.
  • Protection of women and children.
  • Awareness programmes.
  • Traffic warden system.
  • Monitoring maintenance of street lights, traffic lights etc.
  • Implementation of projects encouraging blood donation.
  • Organizing self defense courses.
  • School based safety and vigilance programmes.
  • Monitoring illegal financial institutions.
  • Disaster Management and Mitigation.
  • Trauma, Rescue and First Aid Projects.
  • Co-ordination with Fire, Hospital and other emergency services.

District Advisory Committee.

District level, Advisory committee headed by the DCP/Superintendent of Police is formed to ensure proper supervision regarding the functioning of “Ama Police” project. The committee consists of 10 to 20 members. This committee may convene a meeting once in every three months and review the working of Ama Police Samit of the concerned District and give necessary suggestions instructions etc, for improvement of their performances.


FEW SUCCESS STORIES

Police District Rourkela
    1. CPO C/1116 Hemanta Kumar Sahoo and CPO C/1218 Rubiaynus  Kujur  contacted by Smt. Chandana Pati seeking urgent medical assistance. CPO at his own initiative  hired an auto and evacuated to IGH. Timely hospitalization saved her life. Such examples will have a salutary impact in terms of  reorienting repackaging the police image.
    • CPO C/1116 Hemanta Kumar Sahoo of  Beat No.10 got an information of out break of a dispute between Azad Basti and Neherupali Mahala. Dispute arose between kids during  a cricket match.  Soon took a communal colour . CPO C/1116 Hemanta Kumar Sahoo reached the spot. Intimated the PS, called other CPOs. Since most of the youngsters were known to the CPO by face his presence had salutary effect of   curbing their aggressive postures. Very soon IIC arrived at the spot with adequate re-enforcement. The matter was soon resolved amicably and both the parties thanked the police for its timely intervention which prevented a small incident from blowing out of proportion.
  1. CPOs under Plantsite P.S organized a rally to create awareness against consumption of liquor and drugs.

Nabarangapur District
  1. A dispute erupted  between villagers of Bokoda and Amalibhatta under Bokoda G.P arising out of distributions of forest wood. “Ama Police” Beat officer C/176 Purna Chandra Majhi quickly understood that it would  lead to a  serious law and order situation in the Beat area.
                He brought the matter to the notice of community relation officer  SI. G.S.Majhi . He rushed to that place and tried to persuade  them to maintain law and order. But he wisely  anticipated  that  the  matter is of  severe nature. Then he brought the matter to the notice of  IIC/SDPO,Umerkote  to intervene   in the matter. They started to get resolved  this issue with the help of “Ama police” initiative and held a meeting of  Samiti members namely Sri. Jhadaeswar Mohanty (Chairman NAC,Umerkote), Sri Srinibas Pattnaik (Advocate), Smt. Susila Majhi ( Chairman Umerkote Block)  and organized  a re-conciliation meeting attended by the people of both villages. The matter was resolved with the endeavor made by “Ama Police” innovation.
  2. (Nabarangapur)

    (Nabarangapur)

  3. DISPUTE BETWEEN THE ST AND CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY PEOPLE OF VILLAGE PUJARIGUDA, PS UMERKOTE OVER USE OF GOVT. LAND FOR THE PURPOSE OF CREMATION OF DEAD BODIES.

    There was serious dispute existed between Christian and ST community over 24 acres of Govt. land in village Pujariguda for cremation of dead body. From the total disputed land 15 to 16 acres have already been mostly encroached by  Christian community. Some portion of the land was used for school ground and major portion had been utilized for a forestation. The ST people used to inhume the dead bodies in the said land seeing this the people of Christian community also started using the land for cremation purpose. Considering the gravity of the incident the local police sought help of “Ama Police”.  Full body of Ama Police organized a meeting and got success to persuade both the communities to maintain a status quo until District Administration issue fresh order regarding land.

3. PROTEST REGARDING INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL SUB-GRID ON THE GOVT. PLOT AT ADHIKARIGUDA, UMERKOTE.

    Govt. land measuring about 17 acres available in village Adhikariguda. The Electric department, Nabarangpur decided to install an Electric Sub-Grid on the said land for free flow of current, after getting  approval from District Administration. As the land adjacent to Satanami sahi and Satanami people use the land for grazing their cattle, objected the acquisition of that land. On the interference and persuasion of  local administration the matter could not be settled. For which police sought the immediate intervention of “Ama Police” to resolve the matter.  On 12.10.13 “ Ama Police” convened a meeting  of Satanami sahi people in presence of local Tahasildar and others. The matter was amicably settled and the Satanami people assured not to create any problem for installation of Electric Sub-Grid in that place.

       

IMPACT OF AMA POLICE

  • Constabulary feels empowered.
  • Public feels empowered.
  • Vulnerable sections especially women feel empowered.
  • Smaller issues affecting the community like drunkenness,      gambling, street fights, eve teasing, loitering, wife beating etc. have reduced significantly.
  • Inflow of information regarding crime has improved.
  •  Public appreciates the problems being faced by police.
  • Accessibility of Police to people and vice-versa has increased.
  • Public support in handling important law and order problem and communal situation has been garnered.
  • People’s participation in civic activities has increased i.e. evening patrolling, street lighting, bush cutting, jalachhatra, sports activities.

GANJAM DISTRICT

Community dispute between Redika & Hadi community that potential of developing into major Law and Order situation and there was every possibility of community clash. It was sorted out by the joint effort of Beat officer and Ama Police Samiti Members.
Few anti-socials were eve-teasing near the women’s college and had molested one girl of 16 years. They were arrested by the active help of the members of Ama Police Samiti.

NUAPADA DISTRICT

Villagers called up in the middle of the night when quarrel erupted between villagers. Beat officer reached there and sorted out the problem.
One relative of a widow lady took away her mobile phone forcibly. The widow approached the beat officer and got her phone back.
Two destitutes were not getting old age pension and were harassed at Panchayat. Beat Officer requested the Sarpanch and they started getting pension.

 

Positive Results of Ama Police:

  • Close cooperation between police and the public. Vigilant society and public.
  • Attitudinal change in the behaviour of the police personnel.
  • Increased interaction of the police personnel with citizens.   Interaction on mobile phones.
  • Prompt response by police.
  • Information flow helping in controlling crime.
  • Empowerment of constables.